The Functional Medicine Approach to Cardiovascular Wellness


Advanced Lipid Panels and Cardiovascular Risk Biomarker Testing

Cleveland Heart Lab –  Information on the advanced testing I use to help identify and reduce risk for stroke, heart attack and peripheral vascular disease (aka CVD or Cardiovascular Disease).


Metabolic Syndrome + Measuring Cardiometabolic Risk – The International Chair on Cardiometabolic Risk Website provides excellent information for patients and clinicians on cardiometabolic risk (heart attack, stroke and other associated complications of metabolic syndrome).

How to Self-Measure Waist Circumference – PDF

Cardiovascular Diseases, word cloud concept on white background. Heart Attack, Stroke, High Blood Pressure, Hypertension

Know the Risk Factors for Cardiovascular Disease

As per the The American Heart Association (AHA), these are the risk factors for heart disease:

 Age – Your risk increases as you get older.
 Gender – Men are at higher risk if over 45 years of age and women if over 55 years of age.
 Family History – Your risk is higher if members of your family have had cardiovascular disease (heart attack, bypass surgery, a stent, or stroke) at a young age; before age 55 years for men or before age 65 years for women.
 High Blood Pressure – Know your blood pressure. Ideally it should be less than 120/80 mm Hg when you are at rest, although somewhat higher levels are often OK with your doctor when you’re older.
 High Blood Cholesterol – Your risk for heart attack is lower if your LDL-cholesterol is less than 100 mg/dL and your non-HDL-cholesterol is less than 130 mg/dL.
 Physical Inactivity – Sitting for long periods of time increases your risk. Even moving around for 5-10 minute periods throughout the day can lower heart attack risk.
 Obesity and Overweight – Risk for disease is related to those extra pounds around your waist line. Losing 5-10% of your body weight reduces health risk.
 Smoking – Research has shown that every 5 cigarettes a day smoked increases heart attack risk. Quitting smoking reduces heart attack risk immediately.
 Diabetes – It is very important to KNOW your blood sugar level. Normal blood sugar levels are under 100 mg/dL.¹